Ancient Rome

The Roman Empire was a Greco-Roman bilingual and bicultural empire. In Rome, philosophy and medicine were taught in Greek. Thanks to this enormous level of culture and knowledge, the Roman Empire was able to expand throughout Central Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, and most of the known world at the time. The greatness of Rome was not only the result of its military power, but above all its ability to hold together and politically integrate the various parts of the other empires it conquered so quickly. Roman political domination was the most capable among those of antiquity to arouse consensus and to take root, leaving signs in the landscape, in the language, in the culture, in the law of the nations. The Roman emperor was not a king. He was a "great citizen", who had assumed power to govern and defend the res publica, then the Empire. His power had no mystical connotation. He was an agent of the Roman people and if he behaved badly, he would be replaced. And since the only sanction in Roman politics was death, his removal often coincided with his murder.

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